What is an Air Chamber and How Does it Work?

An air chamber is a pulsation damping device that reduces the pulsation of a reciprocating pump and contributes to a stable liquid flow. It utilizes the compressibility of the air in the chamber to mitigate various problems caused by pulsation, such as pipe vibration and supercharging phenomenon. Air chambers are small lengths of pipe that are mounted in water pipes, close to a fitting, and are designed to stop hydraulic shock, also known as water hammer. The air in the chamber compresses and absorbs the impact of water that moves sharply in the pipes when a device shuts off the water quickly. A plumbing bladder is not a sophisticated device.

It is often a device manufactured by a plumber, made of a simple pipe attached to the water supply lines between the shut-off valve and a faucet, spigot, or any plumbing outlet. Ready-to-use plumbing air chambers are also available. It is nothing more than a piece of pipe plugged at one end, attached to a supply line at the other and containing air. Most air chambers are installed vertically on horizontal supply lines. If the supply line is already in the vertical position, an additional length of short horizontal pipe can be added.

Since this dead-end pipe partially intersects the water flow, it also contains an air pocket. Air chambers are an effective way to reduce hydraulic shock and protect your plumbing system from damage. They are easy to install and maintain, making them an ideal solution for any home or business owner looking for an affordable way to protect their plumbing system.

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